JavaScript history – It’s vast and important

JavaScript is a prototype-based, weakly typed, dynamic and high level programming language. It is one of the three most highly used and popular forms of internet language software used worldwide, along with CSS and HTML.

It is utilised by programmers to make web pages interactive or casino games for that matter. It is supported by most modern computers without the need of additional plugins. It is considered by many to be the most important of computer languages in the world. It has rapidly evolved from its original inception in the early 90’s.

The programme had its beginning in 1993 when the National Center for Supercomputing Applications released an early version of graphical web browsers which allowed for a significant expansion of the world wide web. Then in 1995 Mosaic Communications, a California based company released another early competing browser named Netscape Communicator. The founders of Netscape were the very people who worked on the NCSA’s browser, Mosaic.

They had the financial and technical freedom they were not given when working at the NCSA. It was this freedom that led to the development of the JavaScript language. Software developer Marc Andreessen is credited with dreaming up a version of the world wide web that was much more dynamic than earlier versions.

To achieve this he wanted the interface to contain graphics animations, interactive elements and far more self automation than the internet had at that time. For this vision to become a reality a new scripting language for programming needed to be invented. The decision was made to focus the interface of the language around software designers as an audience. Developers of JavaScript recognised the fact that the early version of HTML was simple enough for non-developers to understand. Therefore their new language needed this same sense of universal accessibility.

This gave birth to an early predecessor of JavaScript, Mocha. Developer Brendan Eich then entered the scene and was contracted by Netscape to develop a powerful web scheme. With his collaboration Mocha was refined and perfected into what we today call JavaScript.

At the time Mocha was intended to be a smaller companion programme to a language called Java. Eventually though it was decided to expand Mocha into its own independent language. The team behind the development had to work to a tight deadline and managed to create a prototype within a matter of weeks.

In May 1995 it was integrated into the Netscape Communicator browser. It was at this point that for marketing reasons it was renamed JavaScript. The functional features of this early version were not too different from the versions we use today and many of the base elements still exist in modern computer software. It had major design features which the script is synonymous with even today.

In 1996 JavaScript was adopted by Microsoft as part of Internet Explorer 3. This led to what is referred to as the Browser Wars, with Microsoft coming out on top and taking JavaScript along with it as the industry standard for web access and design.